Can Muslims Force People to Accept Islam?

Muslims are not allowed to force people to enter into Islam because:

 

  1. It is Clearly Prohibited

– Allah says, “There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path.” (Qur’an 2:256)

 

  1. People are Given the Choice to Believe or Not

– Allah says, “And say, ‘The truth is from your Lord, so whoever wills – he should believe; and whoever wills – he should disbelieve.’” (Qur’an 18:29)

 

  1. It is Allah Who Makes People Enter Islam

– Allah says, “Indeed, you do not guide whom you like, but Allah guides whom He wills. And He is most knowing of the [rightly] guided.” (Qur’an 28:56)

– “And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed – all of them entirely. Then, would you compel the people in order that they become believers?” (Qur’an 10:99)

 

  1. Muslims Can Only Give Da’wah (i.e. Convey the Message of Islam)

– Allah says, “Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instruction, and argue with them in a way that is best. Indeed, your Lord is most knowing of who has strayed from His way, and He is most knowing of who is [rightly] guided.” (Qur’an 16:125)

– “Say, ‘O mankind, the truth has come to you from your Lord, so whoever is guided is only guided for [the benefit of] his soul, and whoever goes astray only goes astray [in violation] against it. And I am not over you a manager.’” (Qur’an 10:108)

– “There has come to you enlightenment from your Lord. So whoever will see does so for [the benefit of] his soul, and whoever is blind [does harm] against it. And [say], ‘I am not a guardian over you.’” (Qur’an 6:104)

– “And if you [people] deny [the message] – already nations before you have denied. And there is not upon the Messenger except [the duty of] clear notification.” (Qur’an 29:18)

 

  1. Muslims are Commanded to Respond to Those Who Reject the Message of Islam in the Following Ways

– Allah says, “And if they deny you, then say, ‘For me are my deeds, and for you are your deeds. You are disassociated from what I do, and I am disassociated from what you do.’” (Qur’an 10:41)

– “And when they [i.e., the Muslims] hear ill speech, they turn away from it and say, ‘For us are our deeds, and for you are your deeds. Peace be upon you; we seek not the ignorant.’” (Qur’an 28:55)

– “Say, ‘O disbelievers, I do not worship what you worship. Nor are you worshippers of what I worship. Nor will I be a worshipper of what you worship. Nor will you be worshippers of what I worship. For you is your religion, and for me is my religion.’” (Qur’an 109:1-6)

 

  1. In Islamic States, Jizyah is Taken from Non-Muslims So That They Can Practise Their Religions

5.1. People of the Book (Jews and Christians):

– Allah says, “Fight those who do not believe in Allah or in the Last Day and who do not consider unlawful what Allah and His Messenger have made unlawful and who do not adopt the religion of truth from those who were given the Scripture – [fight] until they give the jizyah willingly while they are humbled.” (Qur’an 9:29)

 

5.2. Magians/Zoroastrians:

– Abdur-Rahman bin `Auf testified that Allah’s Messenger had taken the Jizya from the Magians of Hajar. (Bukhari 3156, 3157, Abu Dawood 3043)

 

5.3. Pagans/Idolaters:

– Buraydah narrated: When the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) appointed commanders for an army or expedition, he would advise them personally to fear Allah, may He be exalted, and to be good to those of the Muslims who were under their command. Then he said: “Fight in the name of Allah… When you meet your enemy among the polytheists, offer them three options, and whichever one they choose, accept it from them and refrain from (fighting) them. Invite them to Islam and if they respond, then accept it from them and refrain from (fighting) them. Then invite them to migrate from their land to the land of the Muhaajireen (Madinah), and tell them that if they do that, they will have the same rights and duties as the muhaajiroon have. If they refuse to leave, then tell them that they are like the Muslim Bedouin and subject to the same rulings as the believers, but they will have no share of the booty and spoils, unless they strive in jihad alongside the Muslims. If they refuse, then ask them to pay jizyah. If they respond, then accept it from them and refrain from (fighting) them….” (Muslim 1731)